I. Alulim

A. Ruled for 28,000 years.
B. Ruled over Eridu (Mesopotamia).

II. Alalgar

A. Alulim’s heir.
B. Ruled for 36,000 years.
C. A demigod like his father.

III. Climate and weather

A. 11,000 BC

  • Regular rain.
  • Ice caps build up.
  • Oceans lowered.

B. Between 11,000 and 6,000 BC

  • Warm.
  • Ice caps melt.
  • Oceans rose.

C. 6000 BC

  • Rains only during winter.
  • Too much water only once a year.
  • Ground dried hard.
  • People only had reeds and mud.
  • Plain in the north of Britain was watered by the four rivers in Genesis:
    • Pishon
    • Gihon
    • Hiddekel
    • Euphrates

IV. Materials for shelter

A. Dried Mud
B. Reeds

V. Language

A. Sumerian language

  • Words were mostly one syllable.
  • Some two syllables.

VI. Semites

A. Language: Semitic

  • Like Hebrew or Arabic.
  • Sumerian is Semitic.

B. Origin

  • From the south and west of Mesopotamian plain.

C. Contribution

  • Settled with Sumerians.
  • Lent them words—names of farming techniques.
  • Learned these skills from Europe.
  • Brought skills with them:
    • Leatherworker
    • Basketmaker
    • Carpenter

VII. Village life

A. Farming
B. More babies
C. Adults

  • Left their overpopulated villages.
  • They traveled elsewhere.
  • Had their farming skills with them.
  • Taught these skills to others.

VIII. Beginning of Civilization

A. Location

  • Fertile Crescent, Eridu

B. Cause

  • Life became so complicated.
  • They needed a king to sort these problems out.
  • To make sure that no one seizes too much food or water.
  • Careful management is needed to survive.

C. Effect

  • Alulim became king.

IX. Dumuzi

A. A shepherd.
B. “The Wooing of Inanna”

  • Dumuzi—a shepherd, king, and had the blood of gods.
  • Inanna finds Dumuzi unworthy.
  • She objects to marrying Dumuzi; she wants to marry the farmer.
  • The two families argued.
  • Dumuzi wins by offering her fresh milk with cream.
  • ‘He plowed her damp field,’ as a suggestion from her.

C. Connection with reality

  • Herdsman and farmers needed each other.
  • City dwellers and herdsmen scoffed and poked fun of each other.

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